循证口腔正畸学 高清英文版2011P325Evidence-Based Orthodontics

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,Evidence-BasedOrthodonticssatisfiestheeducationaldemandsoforthodontics,whichdemandstheintegrationofthebestresearchevidencewiththeclinician’sexpertiseandthepatient’suniquevaluesandcircumstances.Thisland-marktextisthefirsttobedevotedtothemethodology,principlesandpracticeofevidence-basedpracticeinorthodontics.Itaimstoserveasareferenceforthosewishingtounderstandtheprinciplesofevidence-basedpracticeincludingthefoundationforclinicalstudydesign,epidemiologyandthestatisticalinferencesfromdata.Theabilitytodefineasearchstrategyfromestablisheddatabasesandtoidentifyrelevantclinicalandtranslationalresearchinthescientificpublishedliteraturerequiresanewapproachinorthodonticeducation.Evidence-BasedOrthodonticsprovidesacontemporaryapproachtothosestrategiesinclinicalorthodonticpractice.Thegrowingabilitytotranslatecriticalappraisalsofevidenceintoclinicalpracticeandevaluateclinicalevidenceforitsvalidityandpotentialusefulnessrequiresanunderstandingofbasicelementsinepidemiologyandbiostatistics.Evidence-BasedOrthodonticsprovidesitsreaderswithacogent,clearresourcewithwhichtonavigateandunderstandthisimportantsubjectarea.Itprovidesstudentsandpractitionersoforthodonticswithanindispensibleguidetothisvitaltenetofeducation,research,andclinicalpractice.,
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,CoverTitlepageCopyrightpageForewordContributorListPart1:Principles1AHistoricalPerspectiveofEvidence-BasedOrthodonticsIntroductionArchieCochraneandDevelopmentofEvidence-BasedMedicineTheCochraneLegacyTheInfluenceofanEvidenced-BasedApproachTheApplicationofEvidence-BasedDentistrytoOrthodonticsEvidence-BasedDentistryMakingRationalDecisionsinOrthodonticPracticeTheAmericanDentalAssociationWebsiteTheFutureofanEvidence-BasedApproachinOrthodontics2ClinicalResearchDesignsIntroductionTheScientificMethodResearchDesignsSystematicReviewsandMeta-Analysis3ElectronicSearchingforClinicalTrialsInformationIntroductionWheretoSearch:ChoosingDatabasesHowtoSearch:ConstructingaSearchStrategySummaryUsefulResourcesPart2:SelectedTopics4TheTreatmentofClassIIMalocclusion—HaveWetheEvidencetoMakeDecisions?ObtainingResearchEvidenceforTreatingIncreasedOverjetsinClassIIMalocclusionsEthicalIssuesinClassIIResearchEarlyOrthodonticTreatmentforClassIIMalocclusionTreatmentProvidedDuringAdolescenceSynthesisoftheEvidenceGeneralSummaryandtheWayForward5ExternalRootResorptionandOrthodonticTreatment—AssessmentoftheEvidenceBackgroundandEtiologyofExternalApicalRootResorptionPrevalenceandDetectionofOrthodonticallyInducedInflammatoryRootResorptionEvidencefortheAssociationBetweenRootResorptionandOrthodonticTreatmentPreventionandTreatmentOptionsforOIIRRSummaryandFutureDirections6Malocclusion,OrthodonticTreatment,andPeriodontalHealth—AnAssessmentoftheEvidenceBackgroundandEtiologyPrevalenceEvidenceontheRelationshipBetweenMalocclusionandPeriodontalHealthEvidenceontheRelationshipBetweenOrthodonticTreatmentandPeriodontalHealthFutureDirectionsAcknowledgments7StabilityofAnteriorOpenBiteCorrection—AnAssessmentoftheEvidenceBackgroundandEtiologyofOpenBitePrevalenceofOpenBiteTreatmentOptionsforOpenBiteEvidenceonLong-TermStabilityofOpenBiteCorrectionFutureDirectionsforOpenBiteTreatmentSummary8OrthodonticsandTemporomandibularJoint(TMJ)DisordersBackgroundObjectivesMethodsResultsDiscussionConclusionsAcknowledgments9Self-LigationIntroductionHistoryofSelf-LigatingAppliancesPropertiesofConventionalandSelf-LigatingPreadjustedEdgewiseSystemsLaboratoryFindingsRetrospectiveClinicalResearchProspectiveResearchConclusions10PreventionofDemineralizationDuringOrthodonticTreatmentwithFluoride-ContainingMaterialsorCaseinPhosphopeptide-AmorphousCalciumPhosphateBackgroundLimitationsofPreviousResearchTheEffectivenessofProductsDesignedtoReduceEnamelDemineralizationSummaryAcknowledgments11InvisalignTherapy—ASystematicReviewofLowerQualityEvidenceIntroductionMethodsResultsDiscussionConclusionsAcknowledgments12RetentionIntroductionWhatIsRelapseandWhatAretheCauses?RetainersAdjunctiveTechniquestoReduceRelapseConclusions13QualityofOutcomeFacialMorphologyTheAlignmentandFitofTeethCost-EffectivenessPerceivedBenefitsofOrthodonticTreatment:FacialandDentalAttractiveness,SociopsychologicalFactorsConclusion14StabilityofOrthognathicSurgeryAnteroposteriorDiscrepanciesClassIIMalocclusion:MandibleMovedForwardwithMandibularPlaneMaintainedorRotatedClockwiseClassIIMalocclusion:MandibleMovedForwardwithMandibularPlaneRotatedCounterclockwiseClassIIMalocclusion:MaxillaUpandMandibleForwardClassIIMalocclusion:GrowthClassIIIMalocclusion:MandibleBackClassIIIMalocclusion:MaxillaForwardClassIIIMalocclusion:MaxillaForwardandMandibleBackClassIIIMalocclusion:GrowthUseofCondylarPositioningDevicestoImproveSurgicalStabilitySummary15OrthodonticTreatmentoftheTransverseDimension—AssessmentoftheEvidenceIntroductionBackgroundMaxillaryExpansion—Interventions,Outcomes,andEvidenceFutureDirections16ClassIIIMalocclusion—TheEvidenceonDiagnosisandTreatmentIntroductionFoundationsandVariationsofTreatmentEvidence-basedTreatmentofClassIIIMalocclusionPerspectiveontheScopeofEvidenceConclusionPart3:Evidence-BasedOrthodonticsinPerspective17Evidence-BasedCareinContextTrialsintheOrthodonticLiteratureTheCochraneOralHealthGroupCochraneReviewsRelevanttoOrthodonticsCollectiveActiontoImprovetheEvidenceBaseforOrthodontics18PlayingDoctor:Evidence-BasedOrthodontics19ReflectionsonaDecadeofEvidence-BasedDentistryIndex,CoverTitlepageCopyrightpageForewordContributorListPart1:Principles1AHistoricalPerspectiveofEvidence-BasedOrthodonticsIntroductionArchieCochraneandDevelopmentofEvidence-BasedMedicineTheCochraneLegacyTheInfluenceofanEvidenced-BasedApproachTheApplicationofEvidence-BasedDentistrytoOrthodonticsEvidence-BasedDentistryMakingRationalDecisionsinOrthodonticPracticeTheAmericanDentalAssociationWebsiteTheFutureofanEvidence-BasedApproachinOrthodontics2ClinicalResearchDesignsIntroductionTheScientificMethodResearchDesignsSystematicReviewsandMeta-Analysis3ElectronicSearchingforClinicalTrialsInformationIntroductionWheretoSearch:ChoosingDatabasesHowtoSearch:ConstructingaSearchStrategySummaryUsefulResourcesPart2:SelectedTopics4TheTreatmentofClassIIMalocclusion—HaveWetheEvidencetoMakeDecisions?ObtainingResearchEvidenceforTreatingIncreasedOverjetsinClassIIMalocclusionsEthicalIssuesinClassIIResearchEarlyOrthodonticTreatmentforClassIIMalocclusionTreatmentProvidedDuringAdolescenceSynthesisoftheEvidenceGeneralSummaryandtheWayForward5ExternalRootResorptionandOrthodonticTreatment—AssessmentoftheEvidenceBackgroundandEtiologyofExternalApicalRootResorptionPrevalenceandDetectionofOrthodonticallyInducedInflammatoryRootResorptionEvidencefortheAssociationBetweenRootResorptionandOrthodonticTreatmentPreventionandTreatmentOptionsforOIIRRSummaryandFutureDirections6Malocclusion,OrthodonticTreatment,andPeriodontalHealth—AnAssessmentoftheEvidenceBackgroundandEtiologyPrevalenceEvidenceontheRelationshipBetweenMalocclusionandPeriodontalHealthEvidenceontheRelationshipBetweenOrthodonticTreatmentandPeriodontalHealthFutureDirectionsAcknowledgments7StabilityofAnteriorOpenBiteCorrection—AnAssessmentoftheEvidenceBackgroundandEtiologyofOpenBitePrevalenceofOpenBiteTreatmentOptionsforOpenBiteEvidenceonLong-TermStabilityofOpenBiteCorrectionFutureDirectionsforOpenBiteTreatmentSummary8OrthodonticsandTemporomandibularJoint(TMJ)DisordersBackgroundObjectivesMethodsResultsDiscussionConclusionsAcknowledgments9Self-LigationIntroductionHistoryofSelf-LigatingAppliancesPropertiesofConventionalandSelf-LigatingPreadjustedEdgewiseSystemsLaboratoryFindingsRetrospectiveClinicalResearchProspectiveResearchConclusions10PreventionofDemineralizationDuringOrthodonticTreatmentwithFluoride-ContainingMaterialsorCaseinPhosphopeptide-AmorphousCalciumPhosphateBackgroundLimitationsofPreviousResearchTheEffectivenessofProductsDesignedtoReduceEnamelDemineralizationSummaryAcknowledgments11InvisalignTherapy—ASystematicReviewofLowerQualityEvidenceIntroductionMethodsResultsDiscussionConclusionsAcknowledgments12RetentionIntroductionWhatIsRelapseandWhatAretheCauses?RetainersAdjunctiveTechniquestoReduceRelapseConclusions13QualityofOutcomeFacialMorphologyTheAlignmentandFitofTeethCost-EffectivenessPerceivedBenefitsofOrthodonticTreatment:FacialandDentalAttractiveness,SociopsychologicalFactorsConclusion14StabilityofOrthognathicSurgeryAnteroposteriorDiscrepanciesClassIIMalocclusion:MandibleMovedForwardwithMandibularPlaneMaintainedorRotatedClockwiseClassIIMalocclusion:MandibleMovedForwardwithMandibularPlaneRotatedCounterclockwiseClassIIMalocclusion:MaxillaUpandMandibleForwardClassIIMalocclusion:GrowthClassIIIMalocclusion:MandibleBackClassIIIMalocclusion:MaxillaForwardClassIIIMalocclusion:MaxillaForwardandMandibleBackClassIIIMalocclusion:GrowthUseofCondylarPositioningDevicestoImproveSurgicalStabilitySummary15OrthodonticTreatmentoftheTransverseDimension—AssessmentoftheEvidenceIntroductionBackgroundMaxillaryExpansion—Interventions,Outcomes,andEvidenceFutureDirections16ClassIIIMalocclusion—TheEvidenceonDiagnosisandTreatmentIntroductionFoundationsandVariationsofTreatmentEvidence-basedTreatmentofClassIIIMalocclusionPerspectiveontheScopeofEvidenceConclusionPart3:Evidence-BasedOrthodonticsinPerspective17Evidence-BasedCareinContextTrialsintheOrthodonticLiteratureTheCochraneOralHealthGroupCochraneReviewsRelevanttoOrthodonticsCollectiveActiontoImprovetheEvidenceBaseforOrthodontics18PlayingDoctor:Evidence-BasedOrthodontics19ReflectionsonaDecadeofEvidence-BasedDentistryIndex